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Hanse Liga. +++ HANSE-LIGA NEWS: +++ Pokalauslosung +++ Tabellenführer: DSV St. Jürgen e. V. - DC Avengers - DC Bella +++. Erst zwei Jahre überhaupt wieder drittklassig, gelingt dem VfB Lübeck am 3. Juni der größte Erfolg seiner Vereinsgeschichte. Ein gegen den TuS. VfB Lübeck - 3. Liga: die Vereinsinfos, News, nächsten drei und letzte 10 Spiele inklusive aller Vereinsdaten. In and revised agreements spelled out the duties of towns and some progress was made. Many locals, merchant and noble alike, envied the power of the league and tried to diminish it. The Livonian Confederation incorporated modern-day Estonia and parts of Latvia and had its own Hanseatic parliament diet ; all of its major towns became members of the Hanseatic League. Hansa societies worked to remove restrictions to trade for their members. The Bergen Kontor continued until ; of all the Kontoreonly its buildings, the Bryggensurvive. The individual cities making up the league had also started to put self-interest before their common Hanseatic interests. This page casino hohensyburg stellenangebote last edited on 20 Januaryat The ghost übersetzung refinement of products out of cottage industry occurred in other fields, e. Retrieved 28 December Capital of the Rhine-Westphalian and Netherlands Circle until after the Anglo-Hanseatic War —74when the city was prosecuted in with temporary trade sanctions German: Consulates continued however, providing communication during the Napoleonic Warsand the Hanseatic interest was online casino österreich throne of egypt sold in Sailing east, Visby merchants established a trading post at Tischdecke casino called Gutagard also known as Gotenhof malta forum In addition to the major Kontorsindividual Hanseatic ports had a representative merchant and warehouse. Joined the year Rostock Peace Treaty Rostocker Landfrieden inwhich was the predecessor of the federation huuuge casino für pc Wendish towns casinos online mexico gratis. Although such alliances formed throughout the Holy Roman Empirethe league never became a closely managed formal organisation.

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The league in general gradually adopted and institutionalized the division into Drittel see table. The Tagfahrt or Hansetag was the only central institution of the Hanseatic League.

However, with the division into Drittel , the members of the respective subdivisions frequently held a Dritteltage " Drittel meeting" to work out common positions which could then be presented at a Tagfahrt.

On a more local level, league members also met, and while such regional meetings were never formalized into a Hanseatic institution, they gradually gained importance in the process of preparing and implementing Tagfahrt decisions.

The Kontore were foreign trading posts of the League, not cities that were Hanseatic members, and are set apart in a separate table below. In , former Hanseatic League members established a "new Hanse" in Zwolle.

This league is open to all former Hanseatic League members and cities that share a Hanseatic Heritage. In the New Hanseatic league had members.

This includes twelve Russian cities, most notably Novgorod , which was a major Russian trade partner of the Hansa in the Middle Ages. The "new Hanse" fosters and develops business links, tourism and cultural exchange.

Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the trade group from the 14th to 17th centuries.

For the modern business association, see Hanseatic Parliament. Handbuch zur niederdeutschen Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft.

Retrieved 9 June A comparative study of thirty city-state cultures: Copenhagen Polis Centre Historisk-filosofiske Skrifter Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 10 December Privileges Granted to German Merchants at Novgorod, ".

Retrieved 20 July European Journal of Social Sciences. Archived from the original PDF on 19 February Retrieved 26 July The Perspective of the World.

Civilization and Capitalism, 15th—18th century. Volume 10 International Publishers: New York, p. The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged.

Atlas of Medieval Europe. Retrieved 30 April Seafarers, Merchants and Pirates in the Middle ages. A history of Poland, Volume 1: The Origins to Retrieved 5 May Die Hanse in German.

Encyclopedia of World Trade: From Ancient Times to the Present. To facilitate trade in foreign countries, the Hansa established counters Kontore [ Encyclopedia of Baltic History group research project.

Die Geschichte der Hanse in German. Atlas of Maritime History. A History of Modern Germany: Retrieved 15 May Problems and Suggestions" PDF.

Journal of the North Atlantic Special Volume 1: Archaeologies of the Early Modern North Atlantic: Archived from the original PDF on 24 July Retrieved 28 December Hanseatic Sites, Routes and Monuments: Gotland Centre for Baltic Studies, Trade and urban development in Poland.

An economic geography of Cracow, from its origins to , Volume Cambridge studies in historical geography. From Prehistory to the end of the Habsburg era ].

Crusader castles of the Teutonic Knights: The stone castles of Latvia and Estonia — The Hanseatic Expansion in the North Atlantic".

Archived from the original on 27 July Archived from the original on 12 August Retrieved 1 May Retrieved 2 May National Bank of Latvia.

Archived from the original on 26 September Lettland [ Lithuania ]. Archived from the original on 24 July Transactions of the Royal Historical Society.

The following cities were also connected with the League, but did not have representation in the Diet, nor responsibility: Archived from the original PDF on 13 January Archived from the original on 17 August Archived from the original on 13 May Retrieved 23 August Members of the Hanseatic League by quarter.

Chief cities shown in smallcaps. Cologne 1 Dortmund 1. Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. This page was last edited on 20 January , at By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Middle Low German [1]. Holstein , Saxony , Mecklenburg , Pomerania , Brandenburg. Westphalia , Rhineland , Prussia. Dortmund , later Cologne.

Gotland , Livonia , Sweden. Wendish and Pomeranian [32]. Saxon, Thuringian and Brandenburg [32]. Brunswick , [32] Magdeburg [ citation needed ].

Rhine, Westphalia and the Netherlands [32]. Free City of Hamburg. Joined the year Rostock Peace Treaty Rostocker Landfrieden in , which was the predecessor of the federation of Wendish towns onwards.

Joined the year Rostock Peace Treaty in , which was the predecessor of the federation of Wendish towns onwards.

Stralsund joined the year Rostock Peace Treaty in , which was the predecessor of the federation of Wendish towns onwards. Joined the year Rostock Peace Treaty in , which was the predecessor of the federation of Wendish towns onwards ; since the 14th century gradually adopted the role of a chief city for the Pomeranian Hanseatic towns to its east.

Free City of Bremen. Imperial City of Goslar. Goslar was a fief of Saxony until Brandenburg was raised to an Electorate in Frankfurt an der Oder.

Danzig had been first a part of the Duchy of Pomerelia, a fief of the Polish Crown, with Polish-Kashubian population , then part of the State of the Teutonic Order from until Elbing had originally been part of the territory of the Old Prussians , until the s when it became part of the State of the Teutonic Order.

It was very loosely associated with Hansa, and paid no membership fees, nor sent representatives to League meetings. Breslau, a part of the Duchy of Breslau and the Kingdom of Bohemia , was only loosely connected to the League and paid no membership fees nor did its representatives take part in Hansa meetings.

Ducal Prussia was a German principality that was a fief of the Polish crown until gaining its independence in the Treaty of Oliva. On joining the Hanseatic League, Reval was a Danish fief, but was sold, with the rest of northern Estonia, to the Teutonic Order in The Bishopric of Dorpat gained increasing autonomy within the Terra Mariana.

Imperial City of Cologne. Capital of the Rhine-Westphalian and Netherlands Circle until after the Anglo-Hanseatic War —74 , when the city was prosecuted in with temporary trade sanctions German: Verhanst for some years for having supported England ; Dortmund was made capital of the Circle.

Cologne also was called "Electorate of Cologne" German: Imperial City of Dortmund. Imperial City of Soest. The city was a part of the Electorate of Cologne until acquiring its freedom in —49, after which it aligned with the Duchy of Cleves.

Novgorod was one of the principal Kontore of the League and the easternmost. Kingdom of Norway — Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Herren — Regionalliga Nord" in German.

Retrieved 1 October Regionalliga Nord IV — —19 clubs. Clubs Introduction Promotion to 2. Bundesliga Promotion to Bundesliga Top scorers.

Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This page was last edited on 12 January , at

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The refusal of the Hansa to offer reciprocal arrangements to their English counterparts exacerbated the tension.

The very existence of the league and its privileges and monopolies created economic and social tensions that often crept over into rivalries between league members.

The economic crises of the late 15th century did not spare the Hansa. Nevertheless, its eventual rivals emerged in the form of the territorial states , whether new or revived, and not just in the west: It was on the entrance of the land route to Hamburg, but this land route could be bypassed by sea travel around Denmark and through the Kattegat.

In , the year of the marriage of Elisabeth of Austria to the Jagiellonian king, the towns of the Prussian Confederation rose up against the dominance of the Teutonic Order and asked Casimir IV, King of Poland , for help.

Poland in turn was heavily supported by the Holy Roman Empire through family connections and by military assistance under the Habsburgs.

The member cities took responsibility for their own protection. In , a Hanseatic League agreement reconfirmed previous obligations and rights of league members, such as common protection and defense against enemies.

When pressed by the King of Poland—Lithuania , Danzig remained neutral and would not allow ships running for Poland into its territory.

They had to anchor somewhere else, such as at Pautzke Puck. The Hansa sold ships everywhere in Europe, including Italy. They drove out the Dutch, because Holland wanted to favour Bruges as a huge staple market at the end of a trade route.

When the Dutch started to become competitors of the Hansa in shipbuilding, the Hansa tried to stop the flow of shipbuilding technology from Hanseatic towns to Holland.

Danzig, a trading partner of Amsterdam, attempted to forestall the decision. Hollanders also circumvented the Hanseatic towns by trading directly with north German princes in non-Hanseatic towns.

Dutch freight costs were much lower than those of the Hansa, and the Hansa were excluded as middlemen. When Bruges, Antwerp and Holland all became part of the Duchy of Burgundy they actively tried to take over the monopoly of trade from the Hansa, and the staples market from Bruges was transferred to Amsterdam.

The Dutch merchants aggressively challenged the Hansa and met with much success. Hanseatic cities in Prussia, Livonia, supported the Dutch against the core cities of the Hansa in northern Germany.

After several naval wars between Burgundy and the Hanseatic fleets, Amsterdam gained the position of leading port for Polish and Baltic grain from the late 15th century onwards.

Nuremberg in Franconia developed an overland route to sell formerly Hansa-monopolised products from Frankfurt via Nuremberg and Leipzig to Poland and Russia, trading Flemish cloth and French wine in exchange for grain and furs from the east.

The Hansa profited from the Nuremberg trade by allowing Nurembergers to settle in Hanseatic towns, which the Franconians exploited by taking over trade with Sweden as well.

The Nuremberger merchant Albrecht Moldenhauer was influential in developing the trade with Sweden and Norway, and his sons Wolf Moldenhauer and Burghard Moldenhauer established themselves in Bergen and Stockholm, becoming leaders of the local Hanseatic activities.

At the start of the 16th century, the league found itself in a weaker position than it had known for many years. The rising Swedish Empire had taken control of much of the Baltic Sea.

Denmark had regained control over its own trade, the Kontor in Novgorod had closed, and the Kontor in Bruges had become effectively moribund.

The individual cities making up the league had also started to put self-interest before their common Hanseatic interests.

Finally, the political authority of the German princes had started to grow, constraining the independence of the merchants and Hanseatic towns. The league attempted to deal with some of these issues: In and revised agreements spelled out the duties of towns and some progress was made.

The Bruges Kontor moved to Antwerp and the Hansa attempted to pioneer new routes. However the league proved unable to prevent the growing mercantile competition, and so a long decline commenced.

The Antwerp Kontor closed in , followed by the London Kontor in The Bergen Kontor continued until ; of all the Kontore , only its buildings, the Bryggen , survive.

By the late 16th century, the league had imploded and could no longer deal with its own internal struggles. The social and political changes that accompanied the Protestant Reformation included the rise of Dutch and English merchants and the pressure of the Ottoman Empire upon the Holy Roman Empire and its trade routes.

Despite its collapse, several cities still maintained the link to the Hanseatic League. After the EU enlargement to the East in May there were some experts who wrote about the resurrection of the Baltic Hansa.

The legacy of the Hansa is remembered today in several names: DDG Hansa was a major German shipping company from until its bankruptcy in Hansabank in the Baltic states has been rebranded into Swedbank.

There are two museums in Europe dedicated specifically to the history of the Hanseatic League: The members of the Hanseatic League were Low German merchants, whose towns were, with the exception of Dinant , where these merchants held citizenship.

Not all towns with Low German merchant communities were members of the league e. However, Hanseatic merchants could also come from settlements without German town law —the premise for league membership was birth to German parents, subjection to German law, and a commercial education.

The league served to advance and defend the common interests of its heterogeneous members: Decisions and actions of the Hanseatic League were the consequence of a consensus-based procedure.

The member communities then chose envoys Ratssendeboten to represent their local consensus on the issue at the Tagfahrt. Not every community sent an envoy, delegates were often entitled to represent a set of communities.

Consensus-building on local and Tagfahrt levels followed the Low Saxon tradition of Einung , where consensus was defined as absence of protest: If consensus could not be established on a certain issue, it was found instead in the appointment of a number of league members who were then empowered to work out a compromise.

The Hanseatic Kontore , which operated like an early stock exchange , [26] each had their own treasury, court and seal.

To that end, member communities from different regions were pooled into three circles Drittel "third [part]": In , during a Hanseatic meeting in preparation of the first Tagfahrt , the league confirmed this statute.

The league in general gradually adopted and institutionalized the division into Drittel see table. The Tagfahrt or Hansetag was the only central institution of the Hanseatic League.

However, with the division into Drittel , the members of the respective subdivisions frequently held a Dritteltage " Drittel meeting" to work out common positions which could then be presented at a Tagfahrt.

On a more local level, league members also met, and while such regional meetings were never formalized into a Hanseatic institution, they gradually gained importance in the process of preparing and implementing Tagfahrt decisions.

The Kontore were foreign trading posts of the League, not cities that were Hanseatic members, and are set apart in a separate table below.

In , former Hanseatic League members established a "new Hanse" in Zwolle. This league is open to all former Hanseatic League members and cities that share a Hanseatic Heritage.

In the New Hanseatic league had members. This includes twelve Russian cities, most notably Novgorod , which was a major Russian trade partner of the Hansa in the Middle Ages.

The "new Hanse" fosters and develops business links, tourism and cultural exchange. Carta marina of the Baltic Sea region From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the trade group from the 14th to 17th centuries. For the modern business association, see Hanseatic Parliament. Handbuch zur niederdeutschen Sprach- und Literaturwissenschaft.

Retrieved 9 June A comparative study of thirty city-state cultures: Copenhagen Polis Centre Historisk-filosofiske Skrifter Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 10 December Privileges Granted to German Merchants at Novgorod, ".

Retrieved 20 July European Journal of Social Sciences. Archived from the original PDF on 19 February Retrieved 26 July The Perspective of the World.

Civilization and Capitalism, 15th—18th century. Volume 10 International Publishers: New York, p. The Encyclopedia of World History: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern, Chronologically Arranged.

Atlas of Medieval Europe. Retrieved 30 April Seafarers, Merchants and Pirates in the Middle ages. A history of Poland, Volume 1: The Origins to Retrieved 5 May Die Hanse in German.

Encyclopedia of World Trade: From Ancient Times to the Present. To facilitate trade in foreign countries, the Hansa established counters Kontore [ Encyclopedia of Baltic History group research project.

Die Geschichte der Hanse in German. Atlas of Maritime History. A History of Modern Germany: Retrieved 15 May Problems and Suggestions" PDF.

Journal of the North Atlantic Special Volume 1: Archaeologies of the Early Modern North Atlantic: Archived from the original PDF on 24 July Retrieved 28 December Hanseatic Sites, Routes and Monuments: Gotland Centre for Baltic Studies, Trade and urban development in Poland.

An economic geography of Cracow, from its origins to , Volume Cambridge studies in historical geography. From Prehistory to the end of the Habsburg era ].

Crusader castles of the Teutonic Knights: The stone castles of Latvia and Estonia — The Hanseatic Expansion in the North Atlantic". Archived from the original on 27 July Archived from the original on 12 August SVP played well enough to earn appearances in the playoff rounds of the senior north German circuit, but did not enjoy any success.

VfR made only a single such appearance, in Following World War II organizations throughout Germany, including sports and football clubs, were dissolved by occupying Allied authorities.

The new club resumed play in the top flight, first in the Berzirksmeisterschaft Schleswig-Holstein, and then in , in the newly formed Oberliga Nord.

Over the next decade and a half VfB bounced up and down between first and second division play; they were consistently a top performer in the Amateurliga Schlewig-Holstein II , but completely incapable of escaping the basement of the Oberliga Nord I.

A second-place finish in led VfB to the qualification round for the Bundesliga, where they finished last in their group with only a single point from eight matches.

After , VfB slipped from the ranks of second tier teams to fourth division Landesliga Schleswig-Holstein. They recovered a place in the 2.

Bundesliga just over two decades later and resumed their role as an "elevator side", moving frequently between the second and third divisions.

After a league championship at this level and success in the promotion round the club returned to Regionalliga level from They were eliminated in the next round by VfB Stuttgart 3—1 after again taking a Bundesliga club into extra time.

Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

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